Are you having that lightbulb moment yet? Great, now let’s dive deeper into the differences.
What is Front-End Development and Back-End Development?
What makes a front-end or a back-end language? Great question!
A web application has two main parts – the front-end and the back-end. One way to explain the two, is to visualize a retail store.
The front-end represents the racks of beautiful clothing, the drawers with all the sizes needed for the customer to browse. The front-end is what makes things visually appealing – it’s what we see and interact with.
It coincides with the web design, the front-end web development’s counterpart. Web design represents the visuals such as logos, photos, and text, while the front-end development represents the coding to make those things appear.
When you take a shirt off the rack to purchase, or reach into the drawer to pull out a size – what usually happens? The store restocks the item. Replenishing the items is what the back-end does. It’s given a task and is able to complete it – again, it’s able to see that the shirt is out of stock.
How? Because one of the three main parts of back-end development is a database. Imagine that the list of the store’s inventory is a giant Excel spreadsheet, listing all the available sizes and colors of the shirts – this will represent the database. The other two parts to back-end development are the application and server. Think of the application as the customer purchasing the shirt and the sales associate restocking the items, the server.
What is Java?
Java is a back-end language that enables programmers to write computer instructions. Java is an object-oriented programming language. In Java, you’re able to write commands and the tasks are done. Java is a common language used when coding the back-end but is not the only one. Other back-end languages include, but are not limited to Ruby on Rails, .NET and Python.